Are The New Home Defects Covered by a Builder’s Warranty ?
Before you occupied your new home, your local town, city, most likely inspected it and issued a certificate of occupancy. This indicated that the home was, at a minimum, livable. However, many new homeowners are unhappy and shocked to discover that the certificate is not a guarantee that everything is well constructed or in working order or even complete.
New Home Construction Defects?
It will often take a full year’s worth of seasonal changes are often needed to put a new house to the test. For example, only in spring might you discover that water seeps into the basement or around window frames, that the landscaping was badly graded and leads to mudslides, or that you have a mold problem. In fact: Your homeowners’ insurance policy probably doesn’t cover construction defects.
That’s why most builders issue their new owners a warranty called a “limited warranty” on their work, either within the sales contract or as a separate agreement.
The warranty’s maximum term is typically broken up into one-, two-, and ten-year terms, based on the type of needed work. You’ll probably get a one-year warranty for labor and materials, two years’ protection for mechanical defects (plumbing, electrical, heating, air conditioning, and ventilation systems), and ten years for structural defects. The result is that the best parts of the warranty expire quickly — your carpeting, tiles, paint, and roofing, for example, may not be covered after the first year.
If you received a warranty, read it over to determine its length, who’s supposed to handle problems (the builder may have bought third-party insurance), and what’s covered and excluded. Pay special attention to your own responsibilities – you may have been given a detailed list of maintenance obligations. Ignoring these gives the builder a perfect excuse to deny you protections under the warranty.
Typical exclusions from a builder’s warranty include:
- Deterioration of construction materials within expected levels, including warpage or shrinkage within industry standards, or changes due to weather conditions, natural disasters, or soil movement or settling
- All home appliances or equipment that are consumer products, such as your refrigerator and dishwasher, some of which come with their own warranties (which the builder should have transferred to you).
- Damage caused by outsiders (such as rioters, vandals, animals, or airplanes) or “acts of God”
- Damage caused by people you hired to work on the property
- Your housing costs and expenses if you have to move out while repairs are being made, and
- Damage owing to your own abuse, misuse, neglect, failure by you or your homeowners’ association to provide maintenance (such as cleaning the gutters, draining your water heater, touching up caulk or grout, or dealing with pests), or failure to maintain adequate ventilation and humidity levels in the home
Get an home inspection before every warranty expiration date. Some defects are hard to detect, so it will be worth paying a professional to point out the builder defects. In fact, many builder’s warranties or contracts say they’ll send a quality-control inspector within the first year to check on your house. Keep track of the date yourself, and make sure the builder’s inspectors truly seems to be scouting for trouble — if not, hire Central Virginia Home Inspections. In preparation for any inspection, make a list of every problem you’ve observed. Something as apparently minor as a cracked tile could indicate a major problem, like a shifting foundation.
Can You File a Builder’s Warranty Claim?
If the defective or damaged item is covered by the builder’s warranty, read what it says about procedures for filing a claim. Many warranties require you to send written notification to the builder, while others give you a hotline to call. In fact, sending a letter to the builder is a good idea regardless of what the warranty says. This shows that you’re serious about asserting your rights, and creates evidence that you might later want to use in court. Send the letter by certified mail with a return receipt, so the builder can’t later claim not to have received it. Also keep notes (legible ones) on your every conversation with the builder, including the dates. You can use this information to confirm, in your letters to the builder, what you agreed to. And they might also be good to show to a judge someday.
Be prepared to act quickly. Sometimes you can protect your rights just by notifying the builder of problems within the warranty period. However, some warranties are cleverly written to let the builder string you along without making the repairs until the warranty period has run out and you’ve lost your rights. (Don’t bring in any outside contractors to do repairs yet, as this could allow the builder to cancel the benefits of the warranty.)